CSRs Knowledge and Management of Corporate Social Responsibility in Pakistan
The aim of the study is to collect first-hand information from the corporate practitioners
regarding the “why” “how” “when” and “where” of corporate social responsibility
(CSR hereafter) by conducting an interview session with the companies listed on the
Pakistan Stock exchange. It was observed that the involvement in CSR is beneficial for
firm performance and affected by external forces (institutional forces) and internal
features (firms resources). In addition, the priority of stakeholders and the urgency of
CSR dimensions (CSRs pyramid) are well understood in the context of Pakistan too. ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Maqsood Hayat Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Kunming, China. 2-Shehzad Khan Institute of Business Studies and Leadership,Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Kp, Pakistan.3-Asif Iqbal College of Management,Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China.
There is a close link between operations strategies and firm performance. Thus, it is
paramount to find out what competitive priorities are adhered to by small and medium
enterprises when it comes to operational decision making. The sample is drawn from 244
manufacturing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) operational in Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. Consistent with the research objective, Exploratory Factor
Analysis (EFA) is employed to reveal the preference of SMEs in adopting competitive
priorities. The results show that the most preferred competitive priority is cost followed
by quality and flexibility with delivery priority the least sought-after operations strategy.
The paper adds value to a finer and richer understanding of operations strategies in
SMEs context and pro ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Fazal Haleem PhD Scholar, Institute of Business Studies and Leadership,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Jehangir Associate Professor,Institute of Business Studies and Leadership,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Asia Baig Demonstrator, Department of Economics, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
CPEC, A Game Changer but whose: An Economic Reality Check
You will arrive at a destination after 10, 20 or 30 years from now, but where? Thats is
the critical inquiry/question. And the answer could be of two-fold; a well-defined
destination, or an ill-defined (chaotic) destination. Its obvious, that definitely everyone
would like to arrive at a well-defined one. The same rule applies to the mega project of
CPEC. No doubt, CPEC is a great and mega project with the volume greater than any
project launched in Pakistan since 1947. It seems to benefit Pakistan and China from
various perspectives, thats why its named as a game-changer but the point of concern
is for whose. This question needs to be answered not only comprehensively but also
partially especially by Pakistani side of leadership and strategists. This is essential for
the future s ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Muhammad Zia-ur Rehman Assistant professor, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2-Yasmine Muhammad Javaid Iqbal Faculty of Contemporary Studies, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Shoaib Malik Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, National University of Modern Languages Islamabad, Pakistan.
The Role of Public Spending and Credit Disbursement in the Agriculture Sector of Pakistan
The current study explores the role of public spending and credit disbursement in the
agricultural production of Pakistan during the period 2000 to 2016. In this study,
Agriculture Production Growth (APG) is the dependent variable while real GDP,
government expenditure, labor force participation and agricultural credit are the
independent variables. The stationarity of the data has been investigated through the
ADF test. Following this, hypotheses were tested through the ordinary least squares
method. In addition, the robustness of the results is ascertained by conducting an LM
test and CUSUM stability tests. The findings showed that government expenditure and
agriculture credit put expansionary effects on agricultural production in Pakistan. It is
suggested that the government sh ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Sumbal Javed BS Economics, Department of Economics,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Tariq Assistant Professor, Faculty of Business & Economics,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, pakistan.3-Saima Urooge Assistant Professor, Islamia College University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Government Expenditure, Agricultural Production, Ordinary Least Squares, ADF Test
Energy Crisis and Comparative Advantage Industries: Empirical Evidence from the Pakistan Economy
The core purpose of the study is to analyze the effects of the energy problems on the
competitiveness and performance of major selected Pakistani industries. The data used
for the study is from the years 1999 to 2015. The industries used in the research are
Leather, Textile, Tobacco, Pharmaceutical, and Sugar. The Balassa Index is firstly used
to compute the competitiveness of the above-mentioned industries and reveals that except
tobacco industries all other industries sustain a comparative advantage even before and
during the crisis regime. Secondly, a GMM estimation is done to analyze the effect of
energy problems on the performance of the companies. The conclusion of the paper
suggests that the supply of energy has a crucial role in enhancing the net return and
competitiveness ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Malik Saqib Ali Assistant Professor,Department of Economic, National University of Modern Languages Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Sana Zaigham Visiting Faculty member, Department of Commerce, Federal Urdu University of Arts and Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Energy Crisis, Comparative Advantage Industries, Net returns
Capitalism in the 21st Century: A Marxist Perspective
A Marxist understanding of the ills of capitalism is applicable to 21st
Motivated by surpluses, capitalism become global in its endeavour of outsourcing
production and capital labour substitution. As a result, the capitalist core established an
exploitative relationship with the developing and under-developed third world countries.
In order to protect their interests and to keep the antagonistic feelings below the
threshold, the bourgeoisie elite utilized every tool available to strengthen their control
over the resources, maintained their hegemony and absorb counter-hegemonic ideas.
The article is an attempt to understand the Marxist interpretation of capitalism and
debate in its relevance to 21st
-century international politics. With the help of the Iraq
w ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Saima Gul Lecturer,Department of International Relations,University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Syed Sabir Muhammad PhD. Scholar, Department of International Relations,University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Ahmad Ali Lecturer, Political Sciences, Higher Education Department,Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Marxism, Capitalism, Outsourcing, Surpluses, Mode of production, Hegemony
China, Pakistan Extended Relation: An Overview of CPEC Opportunities, Expectations and Fear of Balochistan
Since the beginning of diplomatic ties in 1951, China-Pakistan has enjoyed long-lasting,
stable and friendly relations and considered to be an irreplaceable “all-weather friend”
as well. In any hard and troubled time, both countries support each other. Pakistan could
have got more benefit from China in the last several decades; however, the CPEC under
Chinas “BRI” provides a very shining opportunity for the economic development of
Pakistan. Balochistan is geographically the largest and population-wise the smallest
province. With its precious mineral resources, deep sea and a vast coast with fantastic
climate Balochistan has been ignored; consequently, a significant portion of the youth
opted for alternative way, engaging themselves in such activities which brought
uncertai ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Allauddin PhD Scholar,School of International Relations and Public Affairs, Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai PR China.2-Muhammadi PhD Scholar, School of International Relations and Public Affairs,Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai PR china.
OBOR, BRI, CPEC, Geopolitics, Gwadar, Pivot of Asia, Strait of Malacca.
Indian Strategic Economic Tactics and Emergent Challenges for the Developing Countries of the Region
In this paper, we examine the neighborhood especially Indian strategies for the region.
The political philosophies and regional strategies related to developing economies in the
region need synergy and strategically positive and constructive in nature. Their
philosophy to rule and their foreign policy is different from all the other leadership.
Indian Current Ruling Party seems involved in different terrorist activities, such Gujarat
attack on Muslims and the incident of the Samjhota express. Indian Current Ruling
Partys begins wrongdoing on the innocent Kashmiri, its forces also use pellet guns on
Kashmiri Muslims. Indian economic strategy is to invest on Chahbahar Port and wish to
side stop the economic mega project of CPEC. Indian influence increased in Afghanistan
against Paki ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Shahid Iqbal Independent Research Fellow, Islamabad.2-Jan Alam MPhil Scholar, Department of Political Science,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan,KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Zia-ur Rehman Assistant Professor, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Indian Current Ruling Party’s Negativity, India, Muslims, Pakistan, Indian Current Ruling Party’s Relation with Neighboring Countries.
A Statistical Investigation of Business Cycles Characteristics in Pakistan
This study investigates the business cycle characteristics for Pakistan using three sets of
variables namely expenditure components of GDP, nominal variables and real variables.
The findings reveal that the volatility of expenditure components are greater than GDP
during the full sample of 1973 to 2015. Whereas, in the Pre-SAP and Post-SAP periods
i.e. 1973-1988 and 1989-2015, real variables and nominal variables show more volatility
than GDP. And, in terms of co-movement, expenditure components of GDP showed
strong pro-cyclicality and relationship with GDP against other sets of variables.
Moreover, the nominal variables show positive persistence and the business cycles
caused by it, lasting for a long time against real variables and expenditure components
of GDP. Furthermore, the ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Niaz Ali MS Economics, Department of Economics, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan2-Muhammad Tariq Assistant Professor,Faculty of Business & Economics,Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Asia Baig Demonstrator, Department of Economics, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Evaluation of Financial Management Competencies of School Principals and their Impact on Institutional Development at KP, Pakistan
The study aimed at finding the impacts of secondary school principals financial
management competency on the institutional development. All male and female
principals of secondary and higher secondary schools of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa were the
population of the study and among them a sample of 200 head teachers including 100
male (40 urban & 60 rural) and 100 females (40 urban & 60 rural) from two conveniently
selected districts were selected. Two research instruments; one questionnaire for
Principals and a checklist was developed. The data were analyzed through frequencies,
percentages, mean and standard deviation and t-test. Major findings of the study were;
majority of the Principals were competent in planning, organizing, and controlling
financial matters of their schools except i ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-M. Anees-ul-Husnain Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Education DG Khan Campus, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Asghar Ali Assistant Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Malakand, Chakdara, KP, Pakistan. 3-M. Adnan Maqbool PhD Scholar, Department of I.E.R, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
Financial Management Competencies, School Principals & Institutional Development
Development of the United Nations Climate Change Regime and its Socio-economic Impressions on Pakistan (1992-2016): An Appraisal
The United Nations Climate Change Regime, planned in 1992, and formally established
in 1994 through the inauguration of the United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC), under its mandate to address climate change at the global
level, provides a great deal of support to maintain global climate control through
different institutions in the capacity building of developing states in health, poverty
reduction, green energy, and the transfer of carbon dioxide reduction technology. This
study intends to ascertain the development of the UN climate change regime and its role
in Pakistan's socio-economic development for a sustainable climate from 1992 to 2016.
The variables to determine the degree of UNFCCC's efforts in Pakistan include public
health, poverty reduction, a ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Muhammad Mubeen Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Qasim Basharat MS International Relations Candidate, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Sohail Ahmad Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Agriculture, Climate Change, Economy, Kyoto Protocol Pakistan, UNFCCC, United Nations
Revisiting the Political Economy of the State to Society Relation during Mubarak Regime
This study revisits the political economy of the Mubarak Regime and his downfall byengaging with the existing literature, which dwells on political, economic,administrative, legal, and constitutional methods of maintaining hegemony and regimessurvival. This paper revisits and combines them into a single framework and argues thatstate structure and society remained fundamentally disconnected from each other,whereas their relations remained dialectical between the state's control over society onthe one hand and interests of the people on the other. It is argued that Mubarak madeuse of moralism rhetoric and pragmatic coercion that disenfranchised the society ofEgypt from the state structure and interest articulation which were not sustainable forthe longer term. It is argued that the revoluti ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Abdul Shakoor Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Sajjad Ali Khan Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Tahir Ahmad Lecturer, Department of International Relations, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Infitah, Egypt, Structural Adjustment Program, Civil Society, Revolution, IMF, World Bank, Military Industrial Complex, Privatization, Terrorism, Muslim Brotherhood