Study of the Impact of the Principals' Emotional Intelligence and Self- efficacy on their Conflict Management Style at Secondary School Level
This study was undertaken in an education setup. Secondary school principals were the population of the study including public and private schools. A total of 351 principals were selected from public schools and 467 principals were selected from private sector schools.The sample size was calculated through Krejice and Morgan's sample selection table. Data was collected through a questionnaire. Three questionnaires were used for data collection. Responses of the respondents were measured by using five-point Likert Scale. Five hypotheses were formulated. All hypotheses were tested and accepted.Emotional intelligence is significantly related to conflict management.Self-efficacy has a significant impact on conflict management style.Principals of private schools and public schools were differen ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Farhad Ali PhD Scholor, Department of Teacher Education, Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Zafar Saleem Assistant Professor, Mohi-ud-Din Islamic University Nerian Sharif Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan.3-Javed Mustafa Assistant Professor, Khushal Khan Khattak University Karak, KP, Pakistan
Emotional Intelligence, Self-efficacy, Conflict Management Styles, School Principals
The Impact of Foreign Debt on the Economy of Pakistan
From the Nineteen Eighties to the present, Pakistan's mounting debts have been the subject of debate and consideration by policy makers and economists. Unfortunately, foreign debt is one of the biggest significant issues which downsize Pakistan’s Economy. This study aimed to investigate the effects of external debt restructuring on the country's economic system. The objective was to study the various factors that affect Pakistan's economy, such as external debt, growth,saving, and foreign direct investment. Annual panel data was taken from the World Bank and used to manipulate the results. External debt is the main factor that harms the country's structured variable GDP, economic condition and growth as well. It has been concluded that Pakistan should consider debt forgiveness and invite ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Syed Waqas Ali Kausar National University of Modern languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Rizwan Ali National University of Modern languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Tariq Ahmed Khan PhD scholar, Department of Sociology PMAS, Aired University, Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.
Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanism in Macroeconomic Activities in Pakistan (Wealth Channel)
This paper empirically analyzed the monetary policy transmission mechanism for wealth channels by applying Vector Auto Regressive (VAR) technique to time series data for the period of 1991 Q1 to 2018 Q4. Results are found significant. Variables included in the model follow the same direction as the theory suggests. Standard deviation shocks to each variable in variance decomposition results are bitterly transmitted. The performance of this channel on the biases of impulse responses and variance decomposition is better. Policy decisions related to high interest rates should be taken carefully. The level of savings is very poor. Low saving adversely affects investment and GDP. Therefore, better remedies are needed to capture the problem. ...Read More - Download PDF - View Fulltext
1-Haroon Khan Higher Education Department Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan.2-Amjad Amin Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.