Impact of Industrialization, Urbanization and Energy Consumption on Environmental Degradation: Evidence from India
Urbanization are the important
pillars for economic growth in a country however,
a threat to the natural environment. The major
aim of this study is to empirically analyze the
effect of industrialization, urbanization, and
energy consumption on the environment in India.
Annual data for the span of 1975-2018 is
analyzed. Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and
(PP) tests ar ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Sohail FarooqAssistant Professor, Department of Economics, Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.2-Shabana ParveenAssistant Professor, Department of Economics, Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.3-Habib Elahi SahibzadaAssistant Professor, Department of Education, Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.
Urbanization; Industrialization; Energy use; Linear regression model.
Testing the Reliability and Existence of IS-LM Model for Pakistan
The IS-LM model was
considered indispensable and
had great importance and recital for
macroeconomic phenomenon at theoretical as well
empirical analysis since 1960s. Now a days the
applications of IS-LM model has been greatly
restricted to few situations depicts losing the
fame. However it has been a crucial part of the
basic principles and manuscripts of
macroeconomics long since 1960s. ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Gulzar AliAssistant Professor, Department of Economics, Islamia College Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Said Zamin ShahAssistant Professor, Department of Economics, Islamia College Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Ghulam MustafaAssistant Professor, Department of Economics and Business Administration, Division of Arts
and Social Sciences, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab Pakistan.
Reinforcing Risk Perception to Induce Exercise Intention: Role of Systematic Interaction from Social Marketing Perspectives
The study examined the
relationship between systematic
interaction, fear appeals, and exercise intention
using group-centered and participatory
approaches. The longitudinal experimental
design was used to understand the phenomenon
of fear appeals (risk perception) for adopting
sustained physical activities. The sample
comprised two treatment conditions i.e.
experimental group and control ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Farooq AhmadAssistant Professor, Faculty of Management & Social Sciences, University of Okara, Okara, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Muhammad Nawaz QaisarIndependent Researcher 3-Syed Ali Raza HamidAssistant Professor, Hamdard Institute of Management Sciences, Hamdard University, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan.
Fear Appeals, Risk Perception, Systematic Interaction, Behavior Change