Impact of Industrialization, Urbanization and Energy Consumption on Environmental Degradation: Evidence from India
Urbanization are the important
pillars for economic growth in a country however,
a threat to the natural environment. The major
aim of this study is to empirically analyze the
effect of industrialization, urbanization, and
energy consumption on the environment in India.
Annual data for the span of 1975-2018 is
analyzed. Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and
(PP) tests ar ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Sohail Farooq Assistant Professor,Department of Economics,Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.2-Shabana Parveen Assistant Professor, Department of Economics,Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.3-Habib Elahi Sahibzada Assistant Professor, Department of Education,Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.
Urbanization; Industrialization; Energy use; Linear regression model.
Testing the Reliability and Existence of IS-LM Model for Pakistan
The IS-LM model was
considered indispensable and
had great importance and recital for
macroeconomic phenomenon at theoretical as well
empirical analysis since 1960s. Now a days the
applications of IS-LM model has been greatly
restricted to few situations depicts losing the
fame. However it has been a crucial part of the
basic principles and manuscripts of
macroeconomics long since 1960s. ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Gulzar Ali Assistant Professor,Department of Economics,Islamia College Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.2-Said Zamin Shah Assistant Professor,Department of Economics,Islamia College Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.3-Ghulam Mustafa Assistant Professor,Department of Economics and Business Administration,Division of Arts
and Social Sciences, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab Pakistan.
Reinforcing Risk Perception to Induce Exercise Intention: Role of Systematic Interaction from Social Marketing Perspectives
The study examined the
relationship between systematic
interaction, fear appeals, and exercise intention
using group-centered and participatory
approaches. The longitudinal experimental
design was used to understand the phenomenon
of fear appeals (risk perception) for adopting
sustained physical activities. The sample
comprised two treatment conditions i.e.
experimental group and control ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Farooq Ahmad Assistant Professor,Faculty of Management & Social Sciences,University of Okara, Okara, Punjab, Pakistan. 2-Muhammad Nawaz Qaisar Independent Researcher 3-Syed Ali Raza Hamid Assistant Professor, Hamdard Institute of Management Sciences,Hamdard University, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan.
Fear Appeals, Risk Perception, Systematic Interaction, Behavior Change
Determination of Interpersonal Relations, Leadership Style, Communication of Work Productivity with Team Cooperation in the Bintan Regency Secretariat, Indonesia
This research was conducted to
see the determination of
interpersonal relationships, leadership styles,
and communication against work productivity
with team cooperation as intervening variables in
the general section in the Bintan Regency
Regional Secretariat. The respondents in this
study were civil servants and non-permanent
employees, a general part in the Regional
Secretariat of Bint ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Maisyarah Faculty of Economics, Batam University, Riau Islands, Indonesia. 2-Chablullah Wibisono Faculty of Economics, Batam University, Riau Islands, Indonesia. 3-Bambang Satriawan Faculty of Economics, Batam University, Riau Islands, Indonesia.
Interpersonal Relationships, Leadership Style, Communication, Team Cooperation, Work Productivity.
China-Pakistan Economic Cooperation: Trade, Investment, Energy, Infrastructure and Gwadar Port
This research paper presents an
analytical overview of the ChinaPakistan Economic Cooperation Under the umbrella of
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. This research study
has employed the qualitative method in which secondary
sources of data have taken from the existing literature,
published and unpublished research works and primary
data was collected by conducting interviews of
Internation ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Sobia Jamil PhDScholar, Faculty of Law and Interntional Relations, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia.2-Muhammad Shoaib Malik Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies and History, National University of Modern Languages (NUML), Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Syed Ali Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistan Studies, AWKUM, KP, Pakistan.
Capital Structure of Chinese Firms Across different Sectors: Does Ownership Structure Matter?
This study estimates the effect of
state ownership and other firmspecific variables on the capital structure of
Chinese listed industries operating in different
sectors. State ownership and leverage are both
negatively and positively associated. The negative
association of state ownership with leverage was
found in construction, metals and metal products,
services and transport sectors, whi ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Muhammad Yusuf Amin Lecturer, Institute of Business Studies and Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Amanat Ali Assistant Professor, School of Economics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan3-Bashir Khan PhD Scholar, School of Economics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Capital Structure, Corporate Ownership, State-Owned Enterprises, China.
How to address the Puzzle of Military Intervention into Politics in Developing Democracies by Taking Pakistan as Case Study: A Theoretical Debate
This paper discusses why military intervention takes place in developing democracies by taking Pakistan as a case study with a focus on theoretical intricacies. There may be different theoretical explanations as to why the military imposes martial laws and takes the affairs of the state into their own hands. It discusses Samuel P. Huntington's Professionalism, Michael Desch's Structural Theory, b ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Ayaz Ali Shah Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.2-Shaukat Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Hina Malik Demonstrator, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Military Intervention, Politics, Democracies, Pakistan
Macroeconomic Determinants of Inclusive Growth in Pakistan: An ARDL Approach
There is increasing concern that
growth in most part of the world
in not distributed equitably. This is particularly
the situation in Pakistan, where the economic
growth is uneven and biased toward the affluent.
This study aims to present empirical analysis to
characterize the association between inclusive
growth and its macro-economic determinants in
Pakistan. In this context, the study e ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Vivek Anand Assistant Professor, Isra University Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Qasim Nizamani Assistant Professor, Department of Media & Communication Studies, University of Sindh Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.3-Farheen Qasim Nizamani Assistant Professor, Department of Media & Communication Studies, University of Sindh Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.
CSR's Pattern and Trends within Multinational Enterprises Operating in China
This study examines the trends of corporate social responsibility (CSR) dynamics within multinational enterprises (MNEs) operating in China. Secondary data was gathered from the published reports (e.g., annual, CSR, sustainability etc.) to measure the study variable with the help of global reporting initiative (GRI-G4) and compute a comprehensive CSR' outline. This study institutes the fundamental ...Read More - Download PDF
1-Maqsood Hayat Assistant Professor, Yunnan University of Business Management, Kunming, China.2-Shehzad Khan Assistant Professor, Institute of Business Studies and Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Faizan Malik Assistant Professor, Institute of Business Studies and Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KP, Pakistan.
Corporate Social Responsibility; Multinational Enterprises; Emerging Economies; Global Reporting Initiative (GRI-G4); China