Urbanization are the important
pillars for economic growth in a country however,
a threat to the natural environment. The major
aim of this study is to empirically analyze the
effect of industrialization, urbanization, and
energy consumption on the environment in India.
Annual data for the span of 1975-2018 is
analyzed. Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) and
(PP) tests are adopted for checking the
stationarity. After confirming long-run
cointegration in all the variables, the study used
a linear regression model for the estimates of the
value of the coefficient of the variables. The
estimates of the model show urbanization and
consumption of energy have a positive significant
(negative effect on the environment) whereas
industrialization has a negative insignificant
impact on emissions of CO2. It is recommended
based on this study results that real planning
regarding urbanization along with energy use is
the need for the Indian economy, to control the
high emissions of CO2.
1-Sohail Farooq Assistant Professor,Department of Economics,Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.2-Shabana Parveen Assistant Professor, Department of Economics,Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.3-Habib Elahi Sahibzada Assistant Professor, Department of Education,Hazara University Mansehra, KP, Pakistan.
Urbanization; Industrialization; Energy use; Linear regression model.