This research article attempts to investigate "State of Implementation of
International Labour Organization (ILO) Labour Standards in Brick Kiln
Industry of Pakistan". Based on qualitative methods, this research/investigation has tried to
understand different processes and mechanisms through which the government of Pakistan is
fulfilling its international obligation i.e., provision of Core Labour Rights to the workers of brick
kiln industry in the country. From all its Conventions, ILO has picked 8 Conventions and
grouped them under four most basic human rights as which include Conventions 87 and 98 as
"The right to organize and engage in collective bargaining", Conventions 100 and 111 as "The
right to equality at work", Conventions 138 and 182 as "The abolition of child labour" and
Conventions 29 and 105 as "The abolition of forced labour". To investigate the state of
implementation of ILO Labour Standards, six districts were chosen from four provinces of
Pakistan. Through focused group discussions and in-depth interviews, data was collected from
brick kin workers, brick owners, labour activists, trade unionists, labour lawyers and officials
of the labour departments.
1-Bisharat Ali Lanjwani Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.2-Fehmida Aslam Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.3-Anwar ul Mustafa Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan.
International Labour Organization, Labour Rights, Brick Kin Industry, Labour Laws