Nation-building refers to the process of constructing
or structuring a national identity using the power of
the state. Natural resources and technologies associated with it and
their use have been an integral part of human life, as old as
civilization. The land formed the main ingredients of a natural
resource. Pakistan is fortunate because its soils, topography and
climate are generally suitable for farming, but its agriculture
sectors face the problem of scarcity of water in regions like Multan.
The development of irrigation resources was, therefore, one of the
major concerns of the Governments who ruled the region. Like other
Punjab districts, Multan witnessed the commercialization of agro
products and the growth of market towns following the extension of
irrigation and communication facilities. However, it was
immensely transformed by the Sidhnai Canal Colony system. This
paper also attempts to analyze the economics of conjunctive water
management practices in Tehsils of Colonial Multan. This research
is based on original non published official reports from Punjab
Civil Secretariat Lahore and British Indian Library London. The
paper is mainly based on archival documentation, settlement and
assessment reports and gazetteers.
1-Abida Kausar Chuadhary Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of History and Pakistan Studies, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.