The most common perception is that the prevalence of malnutrition among females
is higher than males. To solve this dilemma, the present article analyzes the impact
of socioeconomic factors on the nutritional status of under-five children by gender using a binary
logistic regression model. Utilizing the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey [PDHS]-2013
data, a CIAF index is constructed to measure child malnutrition. The disaggregation analysis
illustrates that the working status of mothers, mothers not having ownership of assets, women
not involved in income decisions, and urban place of residence are found major contributors in
male child malnutrition. However, factors such as higher birth order and diarrhea contribute to
malnutrition in female children. The study concludes that both male and female children have
a higher probability of being malnourished, but effects have been found more in male children
in disaggregated analysis than female counterparts.
1-Muhammad Shahid Department of Health Economics, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Madeeha Gouhar Qureshi Department of Economics, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics Islamabad, Pakistan.3-Jam Farooq Ahmed Department of Anthropology, Quaid-I-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan.