Countries need a tremendous amount of investment to utilize existing resources and enhance productivity in order to ensure inclusive growth in the economy. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by providing the required investment can fulfil the saving-investment gap. The paper makes an empirical investigation of the effectiveness of FDI as a financing tool for inclusive growth. The study also examines how the effectiveness of FDI varies across economies with varying level of institutional quality. The results suggest that FDI plays a significant role in achieving inclusive growth, especially in economies with a low and medium level of institutional Quality. A deep underpinning of our inclusive growth variable brought thoughtful insights such as low and middle-income economies, which mostly belong to the low and medium level of institutional quality cluster. They should adopt policies that enhance the existing spectrum of opportunities. Whereas equity should be the top-most priority for high-income economies.
1-Muneza Munir PhD scholar, Applied Economics Research Centre, University of Karachi, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. 2-Ambreen Fatima Associate Professor, Applied Economics Research Centre, University of Karachi, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
Inclusive Growth, Institutional Quality, Foreign Direct Investment, Equity